The condition of your skin based on your genetics is referred to as your "skin type." This, in combination with environmental and lifestyle factors, determine your skin type, which might be "dry," "oily," "combination," or a complete blend of all of the above. Some skincare chemicals, diets, medications, and environmental/lifestyle variables can help or hinder your skin's natural oil flow, but your genetics will also ultimately determine your skin type, which we should work with rather than against.
When it comes to skincare tips, your specific skin type serves as a foundation, since the wrong product ingredients or salon treatments can have a negative impact on your skin's current condition, function, and even long-term health. Treating dry skin like oily skin, for example, is the equivalent of watering your vegetables at the same pace as your plants!
Knowing your skin type and selecting the right skin care regimen for your needs is the first step towards having beautiful skin. Many people are unaware of their skin type, and as a result, they use the incorrect skin care products. For example, the care required to treat dry skin differs significantly from that required to treat oily skin. Irritated skin, acne, and premature ageing can all result from treating the wrong skin type. For your skin to appear youthful, healthy, and the best it can be, you must choose the right skin care routine for your skin type.
Some glowing skin products are excessively harsh for the skin and contain drying substances like sulphates, which can exacerbate dryness while doing nothing to address the problem. This component is usually found in cleansers; cleaning your face with a Sulphate-containing cleanser takes the water from your skin, resulting in a buildup of dead, dry cells. This is why it's critical to carefully examine what's in your daily skin care routine for glowing skin and products to ensure you're not doing more harm than good.
1.1 How to know your Skin Type
When it comes to creating a daily skin care routine for glowing skin, your skin type is undoubtedly the most crucial aspect to consider. There are five different varieties of skin: oily, normal, combination, dry, and sensitive, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. While all skin types require the basics (cleanser, moisturiser, and SPF), the ideal formulas for each skin type differ greatly. If you want to create a routine that actually works for you, you need to know where your skin sits on the skin type continuum.
Don't worry if you're thinking, "how to know my skin type?" We're here to help (no lengthy skin type quiz needed). You'll learn to determine your natural skin type at home in this article. We'll also go over the distinguishing qualities of each skin type and offer tips on how to manage your skin's specific demands.
1.2 How to know the difference between each Skin Type
The different varieties of skin are classified using a number of characteristics. Fitzpatrick's categorization, for example, was initially described in 1975 and is based on skin colour and how it reacts to sun exposure. It's used to figure out what kind of sunscreen to use or anticipate the danger of skin cancer, among other things. However, skin is categorised cosmetically based on various aspects that affect its balance, including sebum secretion, moisture, and sensitivity.
Normal, dry, oily, combination (including oily and dry skin), and sensitive skin are the five varieties of healthy skin based on these features. The main characteristics of each type of skin are described here.
Oily Skin: Oily skin is defined by a higher-than-normal production of sebum, the natural oil of the skin. Excess oiliness can make the skin look greasy or glossy, and it's frequently accompanied by skin problems like blackheads and enlarged pores. Because clogged pores are a key cause of breakouts, persons with oily skin are more likely to experience them.
Dry Skin: Dry skin is the polar opposite of oily skin in that it lacks sufficient oil. It may appear dull or tight, and severe dryness can cause cracking, flaking, or peeling. Dehydration and dry skin are sometimes confused, but they're not the same thing—dehydration is a lack of fluids, and it can affect everyone, regardless of skin type.
Combination Skin: Combination skin exhibits two or more distinct characteristics in different regions, such as dryness and oiliness. People with mixed skin frequently have an oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin), but their cheeks are dryer.
Sensitive Skin: Sensitive skin is characterised by a high sensitivity to stimuli, including some skincare products. When exposed to stimuli, some people only feel minor irritation, while others experience redness, itching, and discomfort on a regular basis. Sensitivity, on the other hand, isn't necessarily visible—it might be as simple as how your skin feels.
Normal Skin: Normal skin refers to skin that is well-balanced and free of recurring skin issues.This skin is neither too dry nor excessively oily. It has a regular texture, no flaws, and a clean, soft appearance, and it requires no special care.
1.3 Skin type vs skin conditions
Although everyone has a skin type, not everyone suffers from skin disorders. In a nutshell, your skin type is determined by your birth — there are five primary types, and you will always have one. A skin ailment is something that appears as a direct result of something (hormonal, sickness, lifestyle, etc.). It is usually transient and treatable.
Types of Skin
There are five different types of skin:
Normal / Combination Oily / Dry / Sensitive
Everyone's skin type will fall into one of these categories. Your skin type can vary over your life, but it doesn't do so on a frequent basis; most people fall into one of these categories and stick with it for a long time, if not forever. Although you can't treat or change your skin type, you can address the 'characteristics' that most people with that skin type have.
Normal Skin: Skin that is normal is well-balanced and does not become excessively greasy or dry.
Combination Skin: Combination skin is a mix of two or more skin types, including oily patches in certain areas and dry or normal patches in others. The most common type of combination skin has an oily 'T zone' (imagine a letter T running across your forehead, down the centre of your nose, and down the centre of your chin) and dry or normal skin on the rest of your face.
Oily Skin: Oily skin produces too much sebum, which makes the skin glossy and makes it more prone to blackheads and breakouts.
Dry Skin: Dry skin generates less sebum and other natural moisturising ingredients, causing it to feel tight and dry, as well as seem dull and flaky.
Sensitive Skin: Sensitive skin is more prone to itching, redness, and burning sensations on the skin. This can be triggered by a variety of factors. Sensitive skin can also be a condition if it is not a regular occurrence and is more of a reaction to something.
Most folks can tell which skin type they have, but if you're not sure, consult a skincare expert. When choosing skincare, keep your skin type in mind, especially if you want to treat some of the characteristics of your skin type (for example, if your skin is oily and you want to focus on blackheads, avoid using a facial oil; if your skin is dry, avoid using a 'anti shine' moisturiser that is designed to balance oil production).
A skin condition is a specific problem with your skin that can be transitory and addressed (although not always cured). Skin issues can be treated; some require medical treatment from a dermatologist, while others can be treated by a skincare professional.
Dehydration: Dehydration is often mistaken for "dry skin," but it can affect any skin type (so you could have oily skin but still suffer with dehydration). It's due to a deficiency of water in the skin. This can be easily remedied by applying the appropriate serum or moisturiser; however, simply drinking more water will not help parched skin. I would treat your dehydration first if you have other skin disorders or concerns and are also dehydrated. It's frequently a contributing factor to other conditions, which may improve once your skin is more hydrated (it's also quite straightforward to cure, so you may move on to your next concern after it's treated).
Acne: Acne appears in the form of spots, cysts, blackheads, and whiteheads. A dermatologist should treat severe acne, although minor acne can be addressed with skincare or in-salon treatments.
Scarring: Scarring is most commonly caused by acne and should be treated with care. Although it cannot be healed, scarring can be improved with a variety of treatments.
Pigmentation: There are many different forms of pigmentation problems, some of which are hormonal, some of which are genetic, and some of which are caused by one's lifestyle.
Eczema and psoriasis: Eczema and psoriasis require the use of prescription treatments. Both of these skin conditions can develop early in life or later in life. Psoriasis is a condition in which the skin cells renew themselves too quickly, resulting in a buildup of red or silvery patches of skin that are itchy. Eczema is dry, itchy, inflamed skin, and psoriasis is a condition in which the skin cells renew themselves too quickly, resulting in a buildup of red or silvery patches of skin that are itchy.
1.4 How to take care for your skin type
There are various skin kinds, and you should know which one your skin belongs to so that you can better care for it. Continue reading to discover how to care for your skin type!
Dry Skin: Dry skin can also make your skin feel tight and strained, which can lead to collagen loss. Therefore, to heal dry skin, you need solutions giving long lasting moisturization to the skin and high hydration.
- Exfoliation with moderate, non-abrasive substances on a daily basis can assist promote skin cell turnover without stripping the skin of its natural oils. It can also assist serums and treatments penetrate more quickly by removing the layer of dead skin cells and debris.
- Use serums with hyaluronic acid, glycerin, or marine active components like algae, which help to attract water and transport it to skin cells directly.
- To hydrate your skin evenly and effectively, use moisturisers that are high in emollients (skin softeners) like squalene, camellia oil, dimethicone, petroleum jelly, and so on.
Normal Skin: Because normal skin does not have excessive oil or is completely dry, it is critical that we maintain this equilibrium and feed the skin with products that nourish and improve the skin's tone and texture.
- To remove the dirt and grime that has accumulated on your skin throughout the day, use a gentle exfoliating cleanser with a non-irritating moisturising AHA/BHA exfoliant.
- Use a barrier-restoring moisturising cream to assist regulate your skin's moisture content and a replenishing skin toner with antioxidants to enhance it.
- Finally, use a combination of skin-balancing and skin-recovery products to nourish your skin while also assisting it in its defence against environmental elements.
Combination Skin: Combination skin is free of breakouts on the cheeks and has a well-moisturised t-zone. As a result, you'll need a combination of products with a good balance of moisturising and non-greasy ingredients.
- To keep your t-zones and cheeks in check and clean, start with a light exfoliant containing a blend of vitamin E, hyaluronic acid, and salicylic acid.
- Apply moisturisers that aren't too heavy but are thick enough to keep the moisture on your face, especially your cheeks, in place.
- Use moisturisers that have a gel-like feel because they don't leave a greasy residue. Ingredients such as jojoba oil or shea butter can be beneficial in this regard.
Oily Skin: Managing Oily skin can be difficult since, in most situations, the cause of oily skin is difficult to pinpoint. Oily skincare tip - introducing a new skin care product to your skin, it is vital not to lather it with products and instead to apply them one by one.
- Patch test a solution or skincare ingredient on your skin for a short and long period of time to observe how it reacts.
- Look for non-irritating, non-sensitizing solutions that are free of parabens, synthetic perfumes, mineral oil, sulphate detergents, phthalates, urea, and other substances that can cause redness and irritation.
As a result, you can now take care of all skin types and ensure that your skin is always healthy and ready to face any skin condition. Another good technique to maintain skin healthy is to use essential oils. Look into essential oils.
1.5 Best skincare ingredients for various types
Acne Prone / Oily Skin: Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid loosens clogs and kills acne bacteria inside the pores. The acid is antibacterial and contains the same anti-inflammatory ingredients as aspirin. This is good for those who have acne and want to clear up blackheads and whiteheads.
Oily Skin: Beta hydroxy acid (BHA)
If acne isn't an issue, but oiliness is, beta hydroxy acid is a top ingredient than salicylic acid. It's a "beauty weapon" that treats acne while also lowering oil production. This acid is milder and can be found in a variety of products, including face washes and moisturisers.
Dry, Sensitive Skin: Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA)
If you have sensitive skin, you should always test new products thoroughly before using them. What works for one sensitive soul might not work for someone else. “Glycolic, lactic, mandelic, and citric acids are considered AHAs, and they’re best on skin where breakouts are not a problem.”
Dry Skin: Honey
Although AHAs can be used for dry skin, they are not recommended for sensitive skin. Honey's composition is a humectant, which attracts moisture and keeps it sealed inside.
1.6 Best products for each skin care type
Dry Skin: Ohria Ayurveda Rose & Honey Hydrating Gel - Softens Dry & Itchy Blemished Skin
It's the ultimate skin-revitalizer! Deeply moisturises, nourishes, and relieves dry, irritated skin with blemishes. Marigold & Rose Floral waters hydrate and fortify skin, while honey softens it. Because it is a pure, soft, light, transparent, and breathable product, it forms a protective nutritional layer. For the under-eye area, this product is gentle and moisturising. It helps to prevent whiteheads and blackheads.
Oily Skin: Amayra Naturals SOOTHE YOUR OILY & SENSITIVE SKIN Hydrating Face Gel + Brightening Face Wash Powder [3-In-1]- 100gm + 25gm
Nyra is a unique face cleanser powder with powerful cleansing and exfoliating capabilities influenced by Korean and Japanese beauty wisdom. It has been made into a three-in-one mix using our own Indian herbs. It's a lovely rice starch powder with lovely plant extracts that doesn't rob the skin of its natural oils. Deeply cleanses, while nourishing and restoring the skin's moisture levels every day and is ideal for all skin types, ages, and genders, especially for persons with very sensitive skin who are looking for a daily cleanser and gentle exfoliant Nyra:-
Face Gel is a gel-based moisturiser for the face. Consistency that is light. On the skin, it feels refreshing. Absorbs quickly into the skin. Hydrates the skin deeply.
Normal Skin: LACUNA LIGHT Skin Balance Glow Tonic
With a powerful compound of marine algae, the mist also works as a toner and provides a brightening boost of hydration. Rose hydrosol evens out skin tone and boosts shine. The refreshing toner, which is rich in natural astringents, reduces pores and balances the skin's pH.
This toning mist is a fantastic pick-me-up for dreary skin, with a reviving cocktail of Pink Grapefruit and Coconut Water!
Combination Skin: STEMVEDA Face Oil For Flawless Glowing Skin
The Facial Oil by STEMVEDA is an amazing blend of 8 potent Carrier Oils and 3 essential oils. It contains vegan Squalene, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E, which assist to fight free radicals and ageing indications. Its non-greasy, light formula is made with the highest care for your delicate skin. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant elements that help to calm your skin.
Mandarin Essential Oil, Lemon Verbena Essential Oil, and Clary Sage Essential Oil are included in the blend. These aid in the evening of skin tone, the removal of blemishes, and the prevention of skin damage. Massage with our oil to increase blood circulation and give your face a natural glow. All skin types are suitable.
It might be difficult to know what to focus on when choosing skin care: do you choose something for your skin type or for your skin concern or condition? When picking skin care, keep your skin type in mind; make sure it's appropriate for your skin type, but your main attention should be on your skin concern or condition. What about your skin annoys you the most, and what would you like to alter about it? – Focus on that. Ask a skin care expert if you have more than one problem or condition and aren't sure which to focus on. You may be able to use different products to cure more than one issue or condition at the same time, or you may be better off treating one first before going on to another.